Ref 05205 - French Art Deco Occasional / Small Table by Louis MAJORELLE 1925 French Art Nouveau / Art Deco Wall Sconce by DAUM & MAJORELLE


Louis Majorelle was born in Toul near Nancy in 1859. His father, Auguste, was a cabinet-maker who made elegant reproductions of this period. Maison Majorelle was located in Nancy . Louis Majorelle was trainedas a painter and studied under Jean-François Millet at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

After his father's death in 1879, he returned home to take over the family business. Until 1890 he continued to work, like his father, in 18th C. styles for furniture. Nancy especially was a bastion of the new style, Art nouveau, which emerged in the 1890s, was based on floral motifs, and became established primarily through the work of Émile Gallé. At first motifs drawn from nature were mainly used by glass designers but it was not long before their influence extended to furniture shapes and decoration. Louis Majorelle also followed the new style. 

Although Louis Majorelle set great store by craftsmanship and consummate workmanship, with time he came to using factory methods for manufacturing furniture. This step enabled him to keep down the production costs for his elaborate designs, which in turn kept retail prices reasonable. Majorelle showed interior decoration at the 1900 "Exposition Universelle et Internationale" in Paris.

From 1900 Majorelle began to collaborate with Daum Frères. Majorelle was by then designing metal objects such as feet and mounts for Auguste Daum's glass lampshades. In exchange, Daum Frères made the glass elements for Majorelle's own collections. Louis Majorelle's designs became increasingly extravagant. 1901 saw the foundation of the École de Nancy, an association of several firms and workshops in Nancy that made crafts objects in the Art nouveau style. The glass artist and furniture designer Émile Gallé was its first head, with Majorelle as his deputy.

In 1916 the Majorelle factory was severely damaged by fire. Louis Majorelle fled to Paris. He would not return to Nancy until the war was over and he could resume his work. Following the trend toward the new Art déco style, Majorelle's designs became increasingly formal and more austere as the 1920s progressed. In 1925 Majorelle again participated in the important "Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Moderns" in Paris, where he was also on the jury. Together with Alfred Lévy, Majorelle designed an interior for the Nancy Pavilion at the exhibition.

Louis Majorelle died in 1926. Alfred Lévy, who had long managed the factory, became director of Maison Majorelle.

Until 1956, when the firm shut down, Maison Majorelle continued to make both elaborate and more modest (and modestly priced) objects.


Aguttes - Drouot - Paris
17 june 2015

A medal patina bronze desk lamp on a leafy base surmounted by a lined glass reflector acid-etched with chestnut leaves. Signed «Daum Nancy». Circa 1900. H: 17 in

Price Realized :€8,925 ($9,730 USD)

Sotheby's - 15 december 2011 - New York

gilt bronze and wheel-carved glass
Cm : 79,6 cm - Inch : 31 3/8 in

Price realized : $146,500 USD

Christie's - 29 March 2011 - Paris

Grand lit et paire de chevets 'Aux Nénuphars', vers 1905 
En urundai et amarante sculpté, en bronze mouluré et doré ; le lit deux places, la tête de lit oblongue à décor de deux tiges courbes terminées par des nénuphars dans les angles supérieurs, l'encadrement aux côtés incurvés, reposant sur un piètement quadripode d'angle, les deux pieds avant débordants ornés de nénuphars stylisés ; les chevets partiellement composés d'acajou, le plateau aux angles avant arrondis, ouvrant en ceinture par un tiroir, surmonté d'une plaque rectangulaire cintrée, agrémentée d'un plateau semi-circulaire, le corps à décor marqueté nénuphars stylisés sur la plaque arrière, sommant une porte rideau galbée découvrant un intérieur plaqué de marbre blanc veiné gris, les deux montants avant à décor d'une tige aux extrémités à motifs de nénuphars stylisés
Le lit : Hauteur : 188,5 cm. (74¼ in.) ; Longueur : 226 cm. (89 in.) ; Largeur : 179,5 cm. (70¾ in.)
Chaque chevet : Hauteur : 120 cm. (47¼ in.), Largeur : 55 cm. (21 5/8 in.) ; Profondeur : 44,5 cm. (17½ in.)

Price Realized : €1,162,600 ($1,621,321 USD)

Sotheby's - 17 december 2014 - New York

"NÉNUPHARS" DESK ca 1900/1903
mahogany, rosewood, gilt bronze and leather 
Cm : 98,1 x 139,4 x 79,4 cm - Inch : 38 5/8 x 54 7/8 x 31 1/4 in

Price Realized : $365,000 USD

Sotheby's - 14 december 2007 - New York

mahogany, tamarind veneer, gilt bronze
89cm. high by 92cm. wide;
2ft 11in., 3ft ¼in.
circa 1902

Price realized : $701,800 USD 

Artcurial - 26 may 2015 - Paris

molded and carved walnut, Macassar ebony veneer and wood marquetry
Cm : 193 x 86 x 43 cm - Inch : 76 x 33 7/8 x 16 7/8 in

Price realized : €45,200 ($50,624 USD)