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Villa Jassedé

Architect : Hector Guimard
41, rue Chardon-Lagache, Paris 16e
Date : 1893

This construction is the second in Hector Guimard's career, the architect of the Art Nouveau. But this building does not show a profusion of organic lines " coup de fouet ", so characteristical of the art of Guimard. It will be necessary for it to wait for the Castel Béranger (1898), for the construction which propelled Guimard and which he built returning from a journey in Brussels, where he was confronted with the Victor Horta's architecture.

The Villa Jassedé was built in 1893 for Louis Jassedé, trader in grocery settled on avenue of Versailles. He appealed to Hector Guimard who was then one neighbor (he lived  not far from his company building). Guimard built a small country house and, it is necessary to specify that the district was not so constructed in this time and that the building was not encircled by high buildings as today.

When he begins the architecture, Guimard has behind him a training at the National School of Applied Arts then at the National Fine Arts Academy but he left them without diploma. Admirer of Viollet-le-Duc, Guimard adopts in his first works a medevial style. 

We find his love for the medieval art in the geometrical volumes of the shell and in the rejection of any classic symmetry both for the roof as for the facades. He chooses to associate the stone with ceramic that he makes produce by Emile Müller.


At the second level, three bays in full round arch follow one another to mark the progress of the internal staircase, a choice completely médieval which complicates the reading of the facade but does not cheat with the layout of the internal rooms. 
Completely picturesque, this charming house already contains in germ the boldnesses of the Art Nouveau architecture.